2023, VOL. 9 ISSUE 3, PART A
Menopause: A hormone deficient state
Author(s): Dr. Smita Pathak and Vibha Shripal
Menopause or climacteric is a natural process marked by the end of the reproductive cycle in human females. It generally occurs between the ages of 45 to 55 years. It can be natural or artificial, where ovaries have been removed by surgery. Due to a decline in the level of estrogen and progesterone levels and dysregulation of the Hypothalamic -Pituitary- Gonadal Axis, many short-term and long-term symptoms disturb the quality of life of women. The objective of this study is to review the basics of menopause, its prevalence, mechanism, stages, and symptoms through relevant sources. Menopause can be divided into four stages, and approximately 80% of women experience the symptoms (Vasomotor, Physical and Somatic, Phycological, and Sexual) in their transition period. Hence, there should be the need to create awareness or nutritional interventions that may help increase knowledge, about the stages of menopause, and also their behaviour which will improve their general health and well-being and decrease the risk of various metabolic diseases.
How to cite this article:
Dr. Smita Pathak, Vibha Shripal. Menopause: A hormone deficient state. Int J Home Sci 2023;9(3):51-56.