2023, VOL. 9 ISSUE 1, PART C
Scientific research and its approach towards the mushroom production and industrial developments
Author(s): Jolly Kumari and Dr. Renu Rani Jaiswal
By understanding the problem of any subject or issue, collecting information about new facts or, knowledge, collecting data, comparing hypothesis, developing logical thinking, analyzing, evaluating, and checking facts obtained from a scientific point of view, reaching conclusion, suggestions scientific research is the careful solution of problems with the aim of developing thinking. Scientific research is the accumulation of systematic knowledge in which by collecting new information, it helps in giving new direction and condition to human and society. By collecting information in my research work, I focused on the production of mushrooms and its industrial development. Mushroom has an important position in the world agribusiness, and its commercial cultivation in India was started in 1960 in solan city of Himachal Pradesh under the “Mushroom Farming Development Scheme”. In the year 2021- 22, mushroom production was 15.25 million tonnes in the global market and India produced 2 lakh 42 thousand tonnes. Production in India is continuously increasing for 10-12 years. Mushroom is a case crops its industry development can increase the economic power of country. Mushrooms are being uses in the pharmaceuticals, cosmetics, foods nutrition industry. In this industry, cosmetic product, nutrition food product, pharmaceuticals products of mushroom and mushroom extracts are used to make medicines for various diseases. Type of products food as like pickle, jam, bread, noodles, biscuits, soup candy mushroom power, or juice laddu cake and cosmetic product as cream, lotion, ointments, hair products sprays, shampoos, gel, mushroom extract capsule, and other disease medicines product made by industry. Mushrooms are used in Ayurveda and folk medicine in India. The burning of agricultural waste by the farmers reduces the fertility of the soil along with air and environmental pollution. If more and more agricultural waste is used in mushroom cultivation then after cultivation the waste, will be converted into organic manure. Low carbohydrate, fats high protein, fibers, and multivitamins, minerals, cholesterol free, antioxidant only non- animal source of vitamin- D found in mushroom as nutrient with anti- virus, anti-bacterial, anti-fungal, anti-HIV, anti-allergic, anti- diseases, anti-ageing other medicinal properties. Mushroom food fungus gives us all the nutrients balance diet in foods, better health benefits, prevent malnutrition, protection from various diseases, opportunities for self-employment, and economy development, source of batter income.