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International Journal of Home Science

2022, VOL. 8 ISSUE 1, PART A

Abortion in relation to alcohol intake, tobacco chewing and smoking in pregnant women in Rajasthan

Author(s): Dr. Smita Kulshreshtha and Minla Kulshreshtha
Abstract:
Health professionals have long considered exposure to tobacco smoke harmful to reproduction, affecting aspects from fertility and pregnancy outcome to fetal and child development. Tobacco smoke contains thousands of compounds, some of which are known to have toxic effects on reproductive health, such as carbon monoxide, nicotine, and metals. Therefore this study was conducted to get an insight of Abortions among pregnant women in relation to alcohol intake, tobacco chewing and smoking.
The sample comprised of 500 pregnant women in 05 eco geographical zones of Rajasthan (Aravalli plains, Mewar Dry- land, Desert, Eastern-hills).The primary source of data was collected through interview schedule. Statistical analysis was done by mean and percentage. The study revealed a relationship between abortion in pregnant women and their alcohol intake, tobacco chewing and smoking. In this study 73 cases of abortions were recorded. Out of these 58.90 percent were from the rural areas while 41.09 percent from the urban area. Statistics regarding abortions caused by alcohol, smoking and tobacco- chewing in women under study were: Alcohol (Rural 23.02% and Urban 20%); Tobacco chewing (Rural 30.23%) and urban 13.33%) and smoking (Rural 27.90 and Urban 16.66%). The percentage of smokers and tobacco chewers were higher in the rural areas of all the eco-geographical zones. However, the percentage of alcohol-consuming women was higher in the urban areas of the Mewar Hills only in comparison to the rest of the zones.
Further way forward is suggested not to take alcohol during pregnancy and if they cannot remain without taking it, they should take only a small quantity at a time so that it does not affect the growing child adversely.
Pages: 31-34  |  11 Views  7 Downloads
How to cite this article:
Dr. Smita Kulshreshtha, Minla Kulshreshtha. Abortion in relation to alcohol intake, tobacco chewing and smoking in pregnant women in Rajasthan. Int J Home Sci 2022;8(1):31-34.
International Journal of Home Science