2021, VOL. 7 ISSUE 1, PART B
Diabetes is one of most prevalent non communicable disease which is emerging as an epidemic. It is also called a silent killer because people are generally unaware that they are affected by it and leads to many serious complications. In India the prevalence rate is increasing slowly but the rates are alarming. Just making few changes in the lifestyle can help to decrease the prevalence. The global prevalence among adults over 18 years has risen from 4.7% in 1980 to 8.5% in 2014. According to ICMR study conducted in 2016, 3% of rural population is suffering from diabetes in Jharkhand. Cross sectional study was conducted to know the prevalence in urban and rural areas of Hazaribagh Jharkhand.
Material and Methods: 750 subjects in the age group of 20 and above were ramdomly selected from urban and rural areas of Hazaribagh district. Three and and three rural villages were selected randomly and 125 participants were selected from each area. Demographic data, anthropometric data, biochemical test were done of the study subjects. Data was put in excel sheet and results were calculated.
Results: In the present study 46.9% of the respondents were male and 53.06% were female. 18.6% of the subjects are found to be undernourished, 45.3% were normal, 32.2% are in the pre obese range and 3.70 are suffering from obesity.4.8% of the respondents were found to be diabetic and 7.7% were prediabetic.
Conclusion: The prevalence of diabetes in rural areas is increasing too. As obesity and unhealthy eating practice leads to diabetes these should be controlled. Nutrition education and timely checkup are necessary tools to have a check on non-communicable diseases.