International Journal of Home Science
2020, VOL. 6 ISSUE 1, PART E
Bio-processing and herbal treatment on textile: A route to sustainability
Author(s): Dr. Santosh Hooda
Sustainability is the necessity of the present scenario. This paper highlights the major processes of textile industry which leads to environmental degradations. Clothing and textile industry is accused of being the most polluting industry. The problem of pollution in textile industry arises especially through wet processing. It is a complex process, which depends on the raw textile material and other reagents used. Textile industry is chemically intensive industries which is harmful to the environment. So, new efficient technologies of fabric wet processing are required, which are cost-effective and have less harmful impact on the environment. During scouring, bleaching, dyeing and finishing processes the consequent fabric creates toxics and lead to environmental pollution. So it is very essential to check the environmental pollution during the wet processing and make the process eco-friendly. Textile industry is committed to produce herbal treated textiles towards sustainability. So the wet processing is made environmental friendly using enzymes and plants like enzymatic desizing and bioscouring, enzymatic bleaching, bio-polishing, herbal dyeing and herbal finishing. The plants used for processing are easily accessible in India. For a sustainable textile, it has to be made from renewable resources like plants and enzymes. These enzymatic and herbal treated fabrics showed good results and accordingly products were made. This paper reviews all the bio processes and herbal treatments which are done on the fabric and various utility products accordingly.
How to cite this article:
Dr. Santosh Hooda. Bio-processing and herbal treatment on textile: A route to sustainability. Int J Home Sci 2020;6(1):285-288.