2019, VOL. 5 ISSUE 3, PART B
Introduction: Improving maternal nutrition will have an important and significant impact on the first 1000 days of a child’s life. Macronutrient as well as Micronutrient Deficiencies are found across all age group but pregnant women and their children form the most vulnerable. The effects of nutritional deficiencies are numerous and the most profound impact are seen in and through mothers because of maternal mortalities and morbidities associated with micronutrient deficiencies and the “intergenerational or multigenerational effects”. The objective of the study was to review the maternal health status against the Maternal, Infant and Young Child Nutrition indicators of WHO.
Methods: Databases in Pubmed and Google Scholar were searched for articles using keywords such as ‘Maternal Malnutrition’ ‘Maternal micronutrient deficiency’ ‘MIYCN’ ’Maternal anaemia’ ‘Maternal Infant and Young Child Nutrition’ and data extracted using a proforma.
Results: Prevalence of Haemoglobin in pregnant women was 50.3% and among non-pregnant women was 53.1%, underweight was seen in 22.9% of women in reproductive age group, and proportion of pregnant women receiving 100 tablets of iron and folic acid was 30.3%.
Conclusion: The progress made in relation to maternal nutrition was found to be dismal and a more comprehensive approach needs to be adopted to improve their status and in turn the health of nation’s children and at large the health of the nation.