2018, VOL. 4 ISSUE 2, PART B
Rice is a major agricultural and economic crop in India. In Indian sub continent more than quarter of land is used for cultivation of rice. It is very essential in southern and eastern part of India. In the north and central part wheat is frequently consumed still rice holds its own and is cooked daily as well as in festival and occasions. There is a rise in rice consumption among those who are vegetarians and vegans or are on a low-fat, gluten-free, or lactose-free diets.
It is a major global staple food crop that is grown under flooded conditions. Rice absorbs arsenic faster than many other plants and accumulates a high amount of arsenic of all the grain crops.
In India, the states of West Bengal, Jharkhand, Bihar, Uttar Pradesh, Assam, Manipur and Chhattisgarh are reported to be most affected by arsenic contamination of groundwater above the permissible level. Arsenic (As) poisoning from drinking water has been called the worst natural disaster in the history of mankind. An estimate of 137 million people is affected in 70 countries by arsenic poisoning. Arsenic is a potent carcinogen and is known to cause cancer of the skin, lung, kidney, bladder and liver.
So in the study types like organic and inorganic Arsenic are discussed. In Indian condition accumulation of Arsenic in Paddy is highlighted. The Arsenic poisoning, severity and after effects on mankind has been reviewed with reference study on lowering the value of Arsenic.