2017, VOL. 3 ISSUE 1, PART C
Lifestyle patterns and the prevalence of hypertension among the teachers of Kashmir University (Age 35 To 60 Yrs.)
Author(s): Sania Shakeel and Naila Irshad
BackgroundrnLifestyle factors are critical determinants of blood pressure levels. With urbanisation and increasing prosperity, prevalence of hypertension is on rise, about 60% population of Kashmir is hypertensive and lifestyle is an important risk factor for it. Hypertension thus becomes an increasingly important clinical problem. rnObjectivesrn• To study the prevalence of high blood pressure among the teachers of Kashmir University (age group 35+). rn• To compare the lifestyle of cases and controls, so as to prove that healthy lifestyle prevents hypertension.rnMethodsrn106 participants (age 35+ to 60 years) from Kashmir University undertaken for the study were examined using both questionnaires as well as monitored twice a day (before and after work) for their blood pressures to check the diurnal variations. This study was a case- control study. The analysis of the data was done using t-test, χ2-test, p-value, and odd ratios respectively.rnResultsrnThe prevalence was 31% and more in males. A strong relationship was found between workload and diurnal variations in blood pressure (p-value <0.01). Physical inactivity, skipping of meals, type of the salt was found to have a direct relationship in the development of hypertension (p-value < 0.05). However other parameters like high socio economic status, stress, waistline obesity, high body mass index (BMI), sleeping patterns, work hours, smoking, and intake of fat, salt and dietary patterns were important risk factors which could be the contributors in the development of hypertension.rnConclusionrnIt was thus concluded that a healthy lifestyle helps in preventing hypertension. And lifestyle modifications like physical activity, reduction of weight, reducing dietary sodium, stress free life and a good diet can surely help in maintain controlled blood pressure
How to cite this article:
Sania Shakeel, Naila Irshad. Lifestyle patterns and the prevalence of hypertension among the teachers of Kashmir University (Age 35 To 60 Yrs.). Int J Home Sci 2017;3(1):150-154.