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International Journal of Home Science
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International Journal of Home Science

2022, VOL. 8 ISSUE 2, PART D

Celiac disease and gluten-free products

Author(s): Singh Itisha and Dr. Verma Anisha
In celiac patient exposure to even only a small amount of gluten can lead to malabsorption of some important nutrients including calcium, iron, folic acid, and fat-soluble vitamins because of small-intestine inflammation. A strictly followed gluten-free (GF) diet throughout the patient's lifetime is the only effective treatment for celiac disease; however, elimination of gluten from cereal-based product leads to many technological and nutritional problems. This report discusses different substitutes to replace gluten functionality and examines the economic and social impacts of adherence to a GF diet. Better knowledge about the molecular basis of this disorder has encouraged the search for new methods of patient treatment. The new and common GF sources and different challenges encountered in production and consumption of these products and different solutions for improving their properties are discussed in this review.
Celiac disease is the inability of the small intestine to tolerate some cereal prolamin with sequence specific oligopeptide. Wheat gliadin, rye secalins and barley hordenine are the main proteins involved in the disease mechanisms and may provoke an inflammatory process to damage the small intestine. There are different methods to overcome the problems for such patients; one of them is using gluten-free diet. Bread has the main role in the human diet and gluten is its main structure forming component. Gluten-free products are produced by either cereals like wheat, barley and rye with removed prolamin or no prolamin containing ingredients.
Pages: 194-196  |  19 Views  8 Downloads
How to cite this article:
Singh Itisha, Dr. Verma Anisha. Celiac disease and gluten-free products. Int J Home Sci 2022;8(2):194-196.

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