2021, VOL. 7 ISSUE 3, PART A
Association of marital status and districts with family planning and birth control
Author(s): Dr. Priyanka Jaiswal and Dr. Meenakashi Singh
Female feticide has been a major social malady in Indian society including all religion, educated- uneducated, rich-poor and rural-urban. It would be difficult to root out this problem, if the entire society does not get aware and value the significance of a girl child. So, the present study was planned to assess the association of marital status and districts with family planning and birth control. The study was conducted in Uttar Pradesh state with nine districts randomly selected on the basis of sex-ratio i.e. high, middle and low. Random selection of 50 respondents from each district was done. Data was collected by using standardized scale “Family Planning and Birth Control Attitude Scale” developed by Dr. M. Rajamanickam (2005) with four variables (Population Problem, Fertility Control, Contraceptive method and Sterilization. Result revealed that majority of male (81.8%) and female (79.1%) respondents were married and vice versa. Equal percentage of male and female (50%) respondents was taken from in all districts of high, middle and low sex-ratio. Results throw light on four variables in which mean value was seen more in population problem variables i.e. (31.12) in middle sex ration districts. Mean values in other three variables were i.e. Fertility Control-(30.86), Contraceptive method-(29.99), and Sterilization (30.45).Data further asserted that significant association was found with districts and all variables. (Population problem F=5.98, Fertility Control F=11.18,Contraceptive Method F=4.81and Sterilization F=3.41). In case of marital status, unmarried respondents in population problem variables (30.52) have more mean value. But married respondents have more mean value in other three variables i.e. Fertility Control-29.76, Contraceptive method-29.36, and Sterilization-29.85. Data reported that significant association of marital status was found with two variables only i.e. Contraceptive method t= 3.88 and Sterilization t=3.11. It is concluded that districts with middle sex-ratio and married respondents were in favor of family planning and birth control.