2020, VOL. 6 ISSUE 2, PART C
Status of transgender in India: A review
Author(s): Pinki, Poonam Malik, Krishna Duhan and N Pavithra
India has approximately 5-7 lac transgender people. Sexuality is an issue in India. It has created social divides. Transgender community includes Kinnar, Hijras, Eunuchs, Kothis, Aravanis, Jogappas, Shiv Shakthis etc., who have been a part of Indian society for centuries. The Vedic and Puranic literatures mention “tritiyaprakriti” meaning the third gender and “napunsaka” meaning someone with the loss of procreative ability. Sexual minorities have been oppressed in our society on the ground of them being deviant. The term 'transgender people' is generally used to describe those who transgress social gender norms. Transgender is often used as an umbrella term to signify individuals who defy rigid, binary gender constructions, and who express or present a breaking and/or blurring of culturally prevalent stereotypical gender roles. Transgender people may live full- or part-time in the gender role 'opposite' to their biological sex. Therefore, the issues related to the rights of genders, their health problems and also do not find place in the top agendas of the governments and human rights movements. Barriers to health care, social participation, emotional support experienced by transgender people. The refusal by many national health systems and health insurance programs to cover services for trans people. This review article is based on transgender health, their rights and situation in India.
How to cite this article:
Pinki, Poonam Malik, Krishna Duhan, N Pavithra. Status of transgender in India: A review. Int J Home Sci 2020;6(2):126-131.