2020, VOL. 6 ISSUE 1, PART C
Background: A menstrual cycle (the female reproductive cycle) is episodic uterine bleeding in response to cyclic hormonal changes. The purpose of a menstrual cycle is to bring an ovum to maturity and renew a uterine tissue bed that will be necessary for the ova’s growth to be fertilized. Menarche may occur as early as 9 years of age, it is good to include health teaching information on menstruation to both school–age children and their parents as early as fourth grade as part of routine care. It is a poor introduction to sexuality and womanhood for a girl to begin menstruation unwarned and unprepared for the important internal function it.
Aim of the study: To investigate Practices influence menstrual characteristics among first level students in government nursing colleges, Khartoum State.
Methods & Subjects: A descriptive university based cross-sectional design. This study was conducted on first level nursing students in three faculties in (Khartoum, Elneelian, and Omdurman Islamic University/ faculty of nursing) academic year 2016-2017.
Sample consist of 287 participants. A formal structured questionnaire was used. This study was carrying out in first level university adolescence who attended menarche, between to 15 – 19 years old, after agreeing to the formal consent. They were invited to answer the questionnaire, which included socio-demographic data, menstrual history, and diet and exercise pattern.
Results: Ninety nine percent of participants were Muslim, (91%) live in cities, 167(58%) of them have 1-3 sisters and 115(40%) were the oldest. 150(52%) from nuclear family. Majority 221 (74%) of participants mothers were unemployed.128 (45%) of fathers were self-employed.164(57%) of the girls have attained menstrual at age 14-17 years old. 199 (69%) of them have regular cycle.213 (74%) have menstrual intervals between 21-35 days.217 (75.6%) of them have moderate menstrual flow (66%) of participants change pads 2-3 times/ day. 200 (70%) used to have abdominal pain with menses.109(38%) of girls got information about menstruation from family. One hundred forty-seven of them have changed in appetite pre-menstruation. (72.8%) with decreased appetite. According to participant’s dietary habits, (48.1%) drink tea from 1-3 times/day. One hundred sixty-seven (58.2%) drink soda 1-3 times /day. 60% of them sometimes consume food with saturated fat. According to the health habits of participants during menstruation it is found that; Sixty-nine (24%) perform physical exercise, (51.6%) have regular sleep pattern at night, (43.5%) remove their perennial hair, (75.3%) do not take medication, and (70%) have no restriction to special food.
Conclusion and recommendation: Results indicate that; family as source of information about menstruation is poor. Most of participants do not change their food intake during menstruation. Recommendation based on this study; education regarding menstruation reproductive health should be taught in the curriculum, mothers should function as a primary source, nutrition education should be involved in the curriculum.