International Journal of Home Science
2017, VOL. 3 ISSUE 3, PART B
Role of educational attainment of elderly persons in their cognitive efficiency: Testing the cognitive reserve hypothesis
Author(s): Sudeshna Roy and Paromita Ghosh
The study aimed to find the influence, if any, of educational attainment of elderly persons on their extents of cognitive efficiency. Stratified random sample of 320 non-institutionalized late adults (aged 60-90 years) of middle socio-economic status families in Kolkata was selected. Socio-economic status was inferred from the previous and / or current occupation of the participants / their spouse. The sample comprised 160 female and 160 male elderly. 64 each of the participants were – a) educated up to school level; b) professional diploma / certificate-holders; c) graduates; d) post-graduates; and e) professional degree-holders. General Information schedule was administered to gather background information from participants. P.G.I. Battery for Assessment of Mental Efficiency in the Elderly  was administered to assess participants’ extents of cognitive efficiency in terms of rapidity of mental functions; general orientation and information; percept and motion equity; and depression. Mean and Standard Deviation values were computed. One-Way ANOVA was conducted. Results indicated significant influence of educational attainment of the elderly on their rapidity of mental functions. But in general orientation and information; percept and motion equity; and depression, the effect of education was not significant. Thus the “cognitive reserve” provided by education seems to be domain-specific in effect and not pervasive as widely thought.
How to cite this article:
Sudeshna Roy, Paromita Ghosh. Role of educational attainment of elderly persons in their cognitive efficiency: Testing the cognitive reserve hypothesis. Int J Home Sci 2017;3(3):99-102.