International Journal of Home Science
2017, VOL. 3 ISSUE 3, PART A
A comparative study on knowledge and practices regarding school sanitation
Author(s): Jyoti Joshi and Dr. Sunita Agarwal
This study was formulated before the launch of ‘Swacch Bharat’ campaign when the ‘cleanliness’ has become the most talked about word of Indian people. The poor health and lack of sanitation facilities are important underlying factors for low school enrolment, absenteeism, poor classroom performance, and early school dropouts. In the nutshell, India is lacking sanitation in its rural school’s setup which affects the performance of children negatively and increases the chances of acquiring many diseases. Therefore, the present study is planned to assess the current situation of knowledge and practices regarding school sanitation in school students of rural Bikaner. In the present study, 1280 students were selected from 32 schools, which comprised of 16 government and 16 private schools. These students were selected by the process of multistage sampling. A self-administered close ended questionnaire was prepared for the study. To find out the relationship between knowledge and practice of government and private school students regarding school sanitation, we conducted test of proportions where the same set of respondents were asked for two different aspects and the result was analyzed through z-test statistic. The results indicated that the knowledge regarding school sanitation (88.1%) and practices levels (72.4%) of Government School students were found as compared to Private School students (93.5%) Knowledge level and practices level (80.5%) of private school students. The Z-calculated (-3.29) for government school and (-3.36) for private school students is higher than the Z-critical (1.96). This leads to the conclusion of rejecting the null hypothesis regarding knowledge and practices level amongst both the group of students regarding school sanitation.
How to cite this article:
Jyoti Joshi, Dr. Sunita Agarwal. A comparative study on knowledge and practices regarding school sanitation. Int J Home Sci 2017;3(3):08-12.