2017, VOL. 3 ISSUE 2, PART C
When AIDS first emerged no one could have predicted how the epidemic would spread across the world and how many life it would change. Since then the global HIV/AIDS epidemic has become one of the greatest threats to human health and development. At the same time, much has been learnt about the science of HIV and AIDS, as well as how to prevent and treat the disease. According to UNAIDS (2016), globally an estimated 35.3 million people were living with HIV in 2012.
The situation of AIDS in Asia is as a 'ticking bomb' with scarce statistics and perspectives. Considering the potential catastrophes of India and China, unfortunately, India falls within the high–risk region of South Asia and South East Asia, which is just next to sub–Sahara African region. As regards the number of HIV infected cases, are concerned India has the third largest number of people living with HIV/AIDS. The total number of people living with HIV/AIDS (PLHIV) in India was estimated at around 23.9 lakhs in 2011. Out of all HIV infections 9.26 lakhs were women.
A rise in the infection of women means an increase in the infection of infants. Ignorance and low level of awareness about the disease gave rise to the problem. Thus it is very important to know the level of awareness regarding HIV/AIDS among women and factors related to socio-economic characteristics which affect their awareness level. So the present study conducted to know the association between socio–economic characteristics and awareness level regarding HIV/AIDS among women.
It is concluded from the study that majority of the respondents have high level of awareness regarding HIV/AIDS. Out of all socio-economic variables (age, education, occupation, marital status, birth place, social participation, types of family, size of family, caste, media possession and family income) of the respondents only their educational status, occupational status and media possession were affected their level of awareness regarding HIV/AIDS. Their have a significant relationship between total socio-economics status and level of awareness regarding HIV/AIDS among women. Thus socio-economics status also affected their level of awareness.