2016, VOL. 2 ISSUE 3, PART F
Age and gender related changes in body composition parameters among adults
Author(s): Chithira KR and Dr. Anu Joseph
Body composition assessment in terms of lean body mass and fat mass is the best long-term indicator of nutritional status. The significance of measuring body composition has increased due to the need to evaluate changes in the nutritional status, which can affect body reserves differentially. Age-related changes also include changes in body composition. The present study was conducted to determine age and gender related changes in body composition parameters among adults. In the study, hundred subjects comprising of male and females in the age group of 20-60 years were selected from urban areas in Ernakulam. A questionnaire was used to collect general details of the subjects such as back ground information, activity pattern, exercise and health status. Using Inbody720 Body Composition Analyser, measures such as weight, total body water, protein, minerals, body fat mass, percent body fat, skeletal muscle mass, waist-hip ratio, visceral fat, basal metabolic rate, Body Mass Index (BMI) and obesity degree were determined. It was seen from the study that mean body weight and hence BMI was found to be highest in the age group of 31-40 years. Body weight did not increase with increasing age as expected. Accordingly mean value of WHR was highest in the age group of 31-40 years. Among male and female subjects, most of the female subjects had low skeletal muscle mass (19.68±2.614kg) and high body fat mass (22.97±9.254kg) whereas most of the male subjects had low body fat mass (18.23±6.774kg), percent body fat (25.08±6.489%) and high skeletal muscle mass (29.71±3.732kg). The results of the study are indicative of a high risk of young adult females towards an unhealthy body composition pattern.
How to cite this article:
Chithira KR, Dr. Anu Joseph. Age and gender related changes in body composition parameters among adults. Int J Home Sci 2016;2(3):349-352.