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International Journal of Home Science
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International Journal of Home Science

2016, VOL. 2 ISSUE 2, PART B

Gender difference in the level of anxiety in relation to personality and family environment among the first year engineering students

Author(s): Debamitra Purkait
Abstract:
Anxiety is an unpleasant emotional state with qualities of apprehension, dread, distress and uneasiness, is directed towards the future and is out of proportion to the threat. At some point or the other we all experience anxiety in response to the expectation of future threat. Moreover, emerging adulthood is the most vulnerable phase of life span to experience higher levels of anxiety than any other phase. The present study is aimed at determining the relationship between anxiety (state and trait), family environment, and personality factors experienced by the emerging adults. The total sample size was 87 (44 males and 43 females), age ranging from 18-25 years and pursuing Engineering Degree course. They were all Bengali speaking hailing from Hindu background, with Nuclear family type, Urban and Suburban residence of middle class economic background of Kolkata metropolitan city. All of them were in a relationship and currently staying with their families. On them State-Trait Anxiety Inventory (Spielberger et al., 1970), NEO Five Factor Inventory (Robert McCrae & Paul Costa, 1992), Family Environment Scale (Bhatia and Chadha, 1993). The present study reveals that there is significant difference between male and female subjects with respect to conflict, acceptance and caring, independence and active recreational orientation as dimensions of family environment; and conscientiousness as a factor of personality. Moreover, there is significant correlation between the levels of anxiety (both state and trait) and different aspects of family environment and personality factors.
Pages: 97-102  |  137 Views  20 Downloads
How to cite this article:
Debamitra Purkait. Gender difference in the level of anxiety in relation to personality and family environment among the first year engineering students. Int J Home Sci 2016;2(2):97-102.
International Journal of Home Science