International Journal of Home Science
2018, VOL. 4 ISSUE 3, PART F
Food habits and dietary pattern of the elderly men belonging to different income groups
Author(s): Dr. Balwinder Kaur and Prabhjot Kaur
The present study was designed to know the food habits and dietary pattern of elderly men belonging to different income groups. A sample of 100 elderly males, 50 each belonging to high income group and low income group in the age group of 60 and above were selected from four different villages of district Ludhiana. The method used for investigation was questionnaire-cum-interview method. The questionnaire was formulated according to the requirements of the study. Detailed information on food intake was recorded for three consecutive days by using 24 hours recall method. Dietary survey of older persons provide useful information on the kind and amount of food consumed, food habits, eating pattern and the frequency of use of specific food. For elderly of HIG various lifestyle factors like lack of help with shopping, preparation of food, companionship during meals etc. do play a role in food intake. Some of them did not have regular meal timings as they suffer from acidity or loss of appetite. 28 percent elderly males of high income group and 72 percent of low income group did not have this habit. Biscuit and namkeen were the common food items consumed in between the meals by both income groups, while fruit, panjiri, mathi etc were common food items nibbled in between the meals by high income group. It is suggested that nutritional status of the elderly should be improved through nutrition education and counseling. So family ties should be strengthened for better emotional stability and good health of elderly people.
How to cite this article:
Dr. Balwinder Kaur and Prabhjot Kaur. Food habits and dietary pattern of the elderly men belonging to different income groups. International Journal of Home Science. 2018; 4(3): 316-319.