International Journal of Home Science
2018, VOL. 4 ISSUE 2, PART A
To assess the prevalence of iron deficiency anaemia in menopausal women
Author(s): Suman Bishnoi
The present study was conducted in Hanumangarh District of Rajasthan state. Two hundred women was selected as the sample of study. Two variable was taken i.e. dependent and independent variable. Menopausal women was taken as independent variable and anaemia was taken as dependent variable. Information regarding to the prevalence of iron deficiency anaemia were collected with the help of questionnaire cum interview method. Result revealed that the mean haemoglobin level of the pre and post-menopausal women in 45- 55 years of age were 9.12±1.65 g/dl and 10.4±7.45 g/dl respectively which was lower than the normal level (>12g/dl). The overall prevalence of anemia among 45-55 year pre and post-menopausal women was about 83.5 percent having the Haemoglobin level below the much cut off level of 12 recommended by the WHO (1989). It was observed that out of 200 women examined for IDA. Only 16.5 percent women (45-55 years age) were normal. Prevalence of severe form of anemia was very low (4.0%) while moderate (48.5%) and mild (31%) forms of anemia was quite high in women (45-55 years). Results further revealed that out of 100 pre-menopausal women, only 14 percent women of 45-55 years were normal and rest of the women were suffering from different grades of anemia. The prevalence of moderate and mild forms anemia was 54 percent and 25 percent respectively while only 7 percent pre-menopausal women were severely anaemic. It is evident that out of 100 post-menopausal women 19 percent were normal. The gradation of anemia in post-menopausal women (45-55 years) was moderate in 43 percent cases, mild in 37 percent and severity in only 1 percent. When the prevalence rate of anemia was compared between pre and post-menopausal women in the present study, the total percentage was higher in pre-menopausal women i.e. 86 percent as compared to post-menopausal women (81%).
How to cite this article:
Suman Bishnoi. To assess the prevalence of iron deficiency anaemia in menopausal women. International Journal of Home Science. 2018; 4(2): 08-10.