International Journal of Home Science
2016, VOL. 2 ISSUE 1, PART E
Causes and Consequences of Child Labour: Government Initiatives
Author(s): Swarnalatha K, Anuradha RK
Childrnlabour is the practice of having children engage in economic activity on partrnor full time basis. Child labour in India is a socio-economic phenomenon. Childrnlabour jeopardizes children’ rights and prevents children from getting anrneducation, learning skills. The number of working children in India is 248rnmillion and in Andhra Pradesh there are 13.6 lakh child labors which standrnsecond in India. The present study sought to examine the socio-economic profilernof child labour in Chittoor district of Andhra Pradesh. Data was collected fromrnchild labour in ten villages of G.D Nellore Mandal of Chittoor district. SmallrnLand holdings in agricultural areas and caste system in rural areas is the mainrnreason for child labour. Poverty, Illiteracy, unemployment, lack of goodrnschools and growth of informal economy are major causes of child labour inrnIndia. The results revealed that majority (58%)of the respondents were engagedrnin Agriculture. Nearly (73%) of the respondents were wage-paid workers andrnsemi-skilled. Almost all the respondents were engaged in work at an early agernto supplement family income. The data concluded that Poverty is the main causernof sending their children to work. Illiteracy, unemployment, lack of goodrnschools, awareness on the education of the girl child and growth of informalrneconomy are considered as the other major causes and consequences of increasingrnthe number of child labourers. The Policy initiatives taken by Government ofrnIndia through various programmes, NGO’s and major National Legislations had arngreat impact on the situation of child labour and for the protection of childrnrights and elimination of child labour in India.
How to cite this article:
Swarnalatha K, Anuradha RK. Causes and Consequences of Child Labour: Government Initiatives. International Journal of Home Science. 2016; 2(1): 289-292.